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Saturday, January 12, 2019
The Rules of Grammar
a new language is never easy, especially if you want to master it. In some
languages, there is no grammar; the written language is simply a reflection of
the spoken language; in others, there are grammar rules to follow, and the
English language is one of them.
the rules of grammar does not mean that you will become a good writer, but it
will certainly help you avoid bad writing. In addition, knowing the essentials
of grammar may give you the following advantages:
clarity to your writing
credibility to your readers
grammatical terms is essential for effective writing because these grammatical
terms provide a common language for discussing and talking about what is good and
grammar basics means knowing the eight parts of speech in English words
noun names a person, place, or thing.
noun can be singular (referring to only one) or plural (referring
to more than one). Generally, you make a singular noun plural by adding an “s”;
however, some nouns do not follow this general rule:
nouns are countable, e.g. books, while some are not, e.g. hunger.
noun can be possessive (indicating ownership).
e.g. Tom and Jerry’s
house (NOT Tom’s and Jerry’s house)
e.g. Jesus’ sayings
(NOT Jesus’s sayings)
e.g. the bottom of
the page (NOT the page’s bottom)
e.g. the characters
of Star Wars (NOT Star Wars’ characters)
the above, a possessive noun is applicable only to a person, and not a thing.
noun MUST AGREE with a verb in a sentence, that is, a singular noun requiring a
singular verb, and a plural noun requiring a plural verb. A singular verb in
the present tense generally needs an “s”;
of course, there are exceptions, such as the following:
e.g. The data
indicate (NOT indicates) that there is a strong demand for
this type of goods. (data is the plural form of datum.)
e.g. The criteria for
selection are based(NOT is)on the recommendations
of the trustees. (criteria is plural)
e.g. Human rights is
an important issue in this country. (singular: human rights treated
as a single unit and thus requiring a singular verb)
e.g. Human rights
are ignored in many parts of the world. (plural: human rights
considered individual rights of people)
e.g. Four thousand
dollars is a lot of money to me. (singular: a monetary unit)
proper noun names a specific person, place, or event, e.g. Tom Cruise,
Chicago, and World War I.
proper noun is always capitalized, e.g. The Great Depression
(BUT an economic depression).